What is a fuel delivery system?

What is a Fuel Delivery System?

what is a fuel delivery system

The fuel supply system is composed of all the elements necessary to transfer fuel to the engine. This includes the tank, the lines, the fuel metering components such as the carburetor or fuel injection system, the fuel filters and the fuel pump, which can be mechanical or electric. But let’s see the main parts one by one to know what is a Fuel Delivery System?

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what is a fuel delivery system. Fuel tank

Fuel Tank

The fuel tank contains the gasoline supply and a sending unit that signals the fuel gauge about the amount of gasoline remaining in the tank. Most fuel-injected vehicle tanks contain a filler pipe and a fuel pump. Also, a fine-mesh «sock» is attached to a pick-up tube in most tanks. It serves to filter out large particles that can easily clog the fuel lines, filter, and fuel pump.

Fuel Line

This is a hose that regulates fuel flow and is connected to the fuel pump, fuel filter, and injectors. If this line becomes clogged, it will cause difficulty starting the engine.

what is a fuel delivery system. Fuel pump

Fuel Pump

Most modern vehicles have impeller-type electric fuel pumps that draw gasoline from the fuel tank and deliver it at high pressure to the injectors. This pump depends on the correct amount of fuel to keep it lubricated and controlled by the ECU (Engine Control Unit). There are two types of electric fuel pumps: the bellows type, which is rare, and the impeller type. Electric pumps can be found in all types of fuel systems.

Fuel Filters

These fuel filters trap contaminants before the fuel flows to reach the fuel pump. A blocked filter means debris can get into the rest of the fuel system. In addition to the mesh screen attached to the pickup tube, fuel systems generally have another filter between the fuel tank and the metering components. In some models, the filter is part of the fuel pump, while others are located in the fuel line and others at the carburetor inlet or throttle.

In-line and spin-on filters are located between the fuel pump and metering components. These fuel filters can also be located at the carburetor or throttle body inlet. On throttle body units, the filters are used to supplement the in-line primary filter.

Fuel filter
Fuel-Water separator

Fuel/Water Separator

These can be found on diesel trucks and automobiles. It may be part of the fuel filter housing or a separate remote unit. The vast majority function as a two-stage filter. The first at the bottom remove dirt particles down to 1 micron and allows water to form large droplets. Fuel passes freely through the filter in the second stage, but water cannot. This causes water to accumulate at the bottom of the filter housing and may have a drain plug at the bottom.

These separate units are usually mounted next to the fuel tank. Some may illuminate a warning light on the fuel tank when it requires draining.

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Air Cleaner

The air filter prevents particles from entering the air-fuel mixture, just as the primary filter does. If this filter is kept clean, it will help the engine breathe better and achieve greater efficiency.

car air cleaner
what is a fuel delivery system. Fuel injector

Fuel Injection System

This system mixes fuel with air in the internal combustion engine, making it the main injection component. An electrically activated valve sprays the exact amount of fuel needed into the engine’s valves. The pulse width controlled by the car’s ECU determines how long the fuel injector remains open.

Now you know what is a Fuel Delivery System, but what's next?

Now that you know the system by which your fuel supply operates, it is important that you take care of it by keeping it constantly topped up. If you run out of fuel on the road, count on our Car fuel delivery service in Indianapolis. This service, offered by our 24 hour Roadside Assistance Indianapolis professionals, will get you out of any trouble. So don’t hesitate any longer and ask for Indianapolis fuel delivery service.

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